An important step in solving Bali’s environmental problems is helping people understand why plastic pollution is a problem and inform them how they can help solve it.
One creative way to get the message out is occurring in Klungkung province with the support of the Bupati (regional governor) I Nyoman Suwirta. He hosted a performance of traditional Balinese dance by the Tangkas Village Recycling Program (TVRP) in a performance with Barong and Rangda dances featuring the theme of “Recycling.”
According to TVRP head Ketut Darmawan, the purpose was to show the public about the dangers of waste. “The performance not only delivered the negative message that waste spreads disease, we also delivered a positive message that recycling can be a valuable economic resource and an artistic inspiration. Set designs were created with plastic and compostable waste.
Bupati Suwirta said, “This theatrical appearance is expected to inspire the Klungkung community to maintain environmental cleanliness by not littering.”
#KeepBaliBeautiful, #TPS Tangkas Village
Support for the Tangkas Village Recycling Program
This village recycling program picks up waste from nearly 1,000 households, and composts or recycles 95% of this waste. The remainder is sent to an approved landfill. Your donation will go to paying for the staff and equipment that keep the program operating.
Many thanks to Lottie of the Eco-Travel blog, “Into the Eco” for visiting with our Keep Bali Beautiful and Tangkas Village Recycling Team. She produced a beautiful video that helps to describe the Eco Tour which you can book via Airbnb. It captures what the village is doing to return to harmony with nature by supporting responsible waste management activities.
Lottie dove right in to help with rubbish cleanup, joining a Balinese temple ceremony and visiting the recycling center. Thank you very much!
More than 1,000 Tankgas villagers are helping to Keep Bali Beautiful by taking part in the Tangkas Village Recycling Program (TPS). Founded by Ketut Darmawan in 2016, TPS has been gaining support among village families who pay just 15,000 rupiah ($1.07 USD) for trash pick-up every two days. The garbage is sent to the TPS sorting facility where 93% of it is recycled or composted. Most of the organic compost is repackaged as fertilizer. The remaining 7% of the waste is sent to a landfill.
According to Darmawan, “I am very excited that more than 300 families have signed up for the waste pickup and recycling program. Before our program existed, families were forced to either throw the garbage into the river or burn it.”
Darmawan’s program has won praise from the Bupati of Klungkung who has urged other villages to adopt it.
Thirty high school students from SMAN1 Banjarankan, Bali took a field trip on Monday to inspire them to become eco-educators at their school. As the SMAN1 Eco Club, it will be their job to operate the school’s recycling program and to educate their fellow students about the value of recycling.
These very motivated and smart kids first received a tour of Bali Recycling in Mas where Olivier Pouillon showed them how the plastic, paper and glass they recycle at their school is converted into valued products. “Throwing that plastic away is like throwing money away,” said Olivier. “We will pay you for that plastic, and make upcycled plastic products that we can sell,” he said.
Our next stop was to see Supardi at the Padang Tegal Rumah Kompos. He showed us around this very efficient recycling and composting center across from Ubud’s Monkey Forest. He also explained to us how plastic pollution poisons our air, water, animals and ultimately ourselves.
Finally it was lunch time where the great cooks and wonderful chefs served a delicious meal, and then treated us to a Yoga Class led by Andrea and Levi.
The solution to reduce the plastics circulation is to stop using disposable plastic items.
Approximately eight million tons of plastic waste circulating in the oceans world every year, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Dr. Jenna Jembeck, team leader of scientists from the University of Georgia, USA, seeks to find out how much plastic waste circulating in the oceans world by collecting international data on population, waste generation, governance trash, and error in managing waste.
From these data, Jembeck and his colleagues created several models of scenarios to estimate the likely amount of plastic that goes into the sea.
For the year 2010, for example, the amount of trash is estimated at 4.8 to 12.7 million tones. The lower limit was set at 4.8 million tons was approximately equal to the amount of tuna caught worldwide
“We like taking tuna and replace it with plastic,” said one of the study participants Kara Lavender Law of the Sea Education Association in Woods Hole.
From the range of 4.8 million tons to 12.7 million tons, the scientists set up 8 million tones as the average forecast. That number is only a percentage of the total plastic waste generated each year the world population.
“The quantity of plastic waste found in the sea is equal to about five plastic shopping bags contain for every meter of shoreline in the world,” said Jembeck the BBC.
In a study published in Science Magazine also mentioned, the researchers have made a list of the countries that have contributed to the plastic waste in the oceans. A total of 20 countries in the list are responsible for 83% of all waste that ends in the ocean.
China, which produces more than one million tons of waste in the sea, perched on the top of the list.
China’s position, according to the researchers, is a consequence of the Chinese population are many and mostly live along the coastline.
Likewise, the United States entered the top 20 on the list. Although the US has a better waste management, the volume of waste generated by each individual there enormous.
The amount of plastic waste together with five plastic shopping bags contain for every meter of shoreline world.
As a solution, Dr. Jembeck and his colleagues appealed to rich countries to reduce their consumption of goods disposable plastic, such as shopping bags.
The developing countries must improve their waste management practices.
This is evident from the list that includes some of the countries that are growing rapidly and has a middle income who are experiencing acute difficulties.
“Now that economic growth is positive, but that you often see in developing countries are excluded waste management infrastructure. And rightly so because they are more concerned with getting clean drinking water and improve sanitation.
“But from the perspective of waste, I do not want them to forget about it because if forgotten management will only get worse,” said Dr. Jembeck.
This study shows that when the plastic waste is left, 17.5 million tons of plastic per year can enter the ocean in 2025. If the amount of plastic waste accumulated from this year until 2025, at least 155 million tons will be circulating in the ocean.
One of the other researchers, Roland Geyer of the University of California at Santa Barbara, said cleaning up the oceans of plastic waste is not possible.
“Stop throwing garbage into the sea from the start is the only solution. How can you clean plastic in the ocean floor that the average depth reaches 4,200 meters? ”
BADUNG – Trash usually are not useful yet a simple technology of plastic waste now can be processed into fuel so it can be more valuable.
Break down of the government’s plan to raise fuel prices are not too troubled by Ida Bagus Ketut Atmaja, plastic garbage collectors in the District of Mengwi, Badung, Bali.
The reason, he have a creative idea by processing plastic waste into fuel. Because of his creative ideas, 1 kilogram of plastic waste can produce 1 liter of fuel.
The idea came from a concern after seeing the many piles of trash at his neighborhood. After reading the literature and conducting experiments, Ketut Atmaja finally found a simple technology.
“If the waste is burned will be useless, why not just let distilled useful,” he said when he met reporters on Sunday (14/09/2014).
It is based on a reference when he read the article, including South Korea’s success in converting plastic waste into diesel fuel. He too was determined to create something to convert plastic waste that is worth more.
From his experiments, he creates a machine by himself. He made the kiln and distillation (reactor firolisis).
The results of the assemblies, he can change the various types of plastics into fuel oil. However, he only can convert the plastic bags and bottles of bottled water which are prioritized for the recycling process.
By a simple tools such as three tubes which connected to the to the iron hose and then processed. After all plastic selected or separated, then put the garbage into the tube and burned with LPG like cooking everyday.
“When burning, will be fuel discharge then collected in a container bottle,” he said.
For this process does not take too long, only about half an hour. Once that process is complete, so he found a kilogram of plastic produce one liter of liquid fuel.
The Distillates result had not produced a certain type of fuel because there is still blended gasoline. With liquid material processed, it has been able to produce fluid to burn any fuel can even be used for motorcycles.
There is also a mixture of diesel or kerosene. In the future he would try to experiment again to produce energy more perfect.
In general, particularly every homes they burned the garbage as randomly. This activity will produce carbon monoxide (CO) which it can effected to human if they inhale it. It will irritate the function of hemoglobin (red blood cells) that is supposed to circulated and distribute oxygen (O2) to the entire body. Lack of O2 can lead to death. An idea for you, one ton of waste that burned will potentially produced as much as 30 kg of CO gas.
The Smoke from the burning of plastic waste will produce dioxin chemical compounds or substances that can be used as herbicides (plant toxins). In addition, the process can also produce phosgene or harmful toxic gases that have been used as a murder weapon during the First World War.
The Results of burning waste which containing the chlorine can produce 75 kinds of toxics.
The Smoke from burning waste which containing of benzopirena (toxic gas that attack the heart) as much as 350 times. This substance is suspected as the culprit of causing cancer and harmful hydrocarbons (such as acetic acid) that cause irritation.
Burning wood can also produce compounds that cause cancer. While melamine can produce formaldehyde (formalin) when it burned with lot of oxygen supply or HCN (cyanide) when less oxygen.
Burning garbage at outdoors can produce fine dust particles or particulate matter (PM), which reached the PM level 10 (10 microns). With these levels, the human respiratory cannot filter these substances, so that it can enter the lungs and cause respiratory problems.
The Waste burning can cause a thick haze and reduce visibility and comfort in your neighborhood. What’s worse, could lead to a fire on a bigger scale. We still remember the occurrence of forest fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan, which causes the ship, hit a rock and stop commercial flight activity at several airports.
Supriyono, S.KM, M. Kes is a lecturer at Bapelkes Batam, Riau Islands.
Office Address: Jln. Marina City, Ex. Tanjung Uncang, district. Batu Aji, Batam. He is also the Chairman of the Branch Council Nutritionist Association of Indonesia, Lamongan, East Java.
You can contact him through the contact page of this website or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
But then waste is a subject dear to his heart. He is the founder and chief executive of social enterprise TerraCycle, a company whose aim is eliminating waste.
“It’s a lofty ideal I know,” he says, but so far so good.
In 13 years, US-based TerraCycle has gone from the classic start-up run out of a basement to operating in 21 countries. Last year it had revenue worth $20m (£13m) and 115 employees.
The company’s business model is to find waste and turn it into something useful, for a profit. It collects things that are generally considered difficult to recycle – such as cigarette stubs, coffee capsules, or biscuit wrappers – and finds a way to reuse them.
“Start Quote I want to make a lot of money by doing good” Tom Szaky
That is done mainly through processing them down into a material and selling them to a manufacturer, and to a lesser extent by turning them into products such as bags, benches or dustbins.
It relies on contracts with businesses – such as McVities, Johnson & Johnson, and Kenco – that pay TerraCycle to take away their waste, as well as individual consumers collecting and sending it in, in return for donations to a charity of their choice.
With messy hair, jeans and sweatshirt, Tom, 33, is typical of the new breed of young entrepreneur that shuns formality. Yet he goes one stage further – he’s worn the same pair of jeans every day for the past year (except for the weekend when they’re washed) as part of his attempt to consume less.
Born in communist Hungary, Tom fled the country with his parents at the age of four, ending up in Canada, via Holland, aged 10. He says his whole business model is borne out of his experience of the two different economic systems.
“In Hungary back then, you needed a licence for a TV set,” he explains.
You couldn’t just go and buy one. Instead, after applying for a licence maybe a year later you’d get a black and white TV, and you’d get the one state channel.
Tom says: “Only a few years later we end up in Canada where every Friday my dad and I would drive round and see mountains of TVs thrown out of every apartment buildings.
“We’d pick a few up just for fun – because we thought ‘who would throw out a TV?’ and they all worked and they were colour!”
This, he adds, got him to thinking about the concept of waste. At the same time, he was impressed and inspired by the entrepreneurs he met in Canada (parents of friends of his), and decided he wanted to run a business.
TerraCycle was set up in 2002 after Tom, then 19, dropped out of Princeton University in New Jersey to develop an idea he had – much to the chagrin of his parents, who strongly believed in the importance of his education.
“Yeah, [it was] one of those moments where the child tells the parents this is my life, and I shall do as I wish. A breakthrough moment in that sense,” he acknowledges.
The first product that TerraCycle made was an organic fertiliser created from “worm poop”. Within five years, the firm had sales of around $3m to $4m, but was making a loss. It was then that Tom realised that the approach was wrong.
“We were trying to come up with a product and then find the best type of garbage to make it. “Five years into the business we totally pivoted everything,” he says. “Instead of starting the question with the product, we said let’s start with the garbage… we need to solve crisp bags, cigarette butts and so on.”
Without that realisation, he reckons TerraCycle could never have been profitable. And he’s a firm believer in profit. “Many young entrepreneurs think you can either do good for the world and earn nothing, or you can do something negative and earns loads of money.
“I don’t choose either – I want to make a lot of money by doing good. “People are also motivated by personal return. If I sell this company I’ll make millions, and that’s a human motivator.
“I really fundamentally want to live my life in this way, but the fact that I can walk away with tens of millions – that’s a positive, I’m not going to say I feel bad about it. ”
TerraCycle facts Set up in the US in 2002 Launched in the UK in 2009 Has prevented 2.5 billion pieces of waste from going into landfill Donated more than $6m to charities and schools Makes money from recycling companies’ waste, and selling it on to manufacturers Also offers to make donations to charity when individual consumers send in recycled goods The cigarette stubs it collects are turned into plastic pallets.
Tom calls his social enterprise a meeting of communism and capitalism. As chief executive, he can only earn seven times the lowest paid employee. (“Seven X” as he refers to it.) And everything about the business is fully transparent, he says, so every employee receives the same reports that he receives on the company’s progress.
The offices are open-plan, and are usually based in cheaper parts of town – the US one is based in Trenton, New Jersey, and the UK one in Perivale, west London.
As part of the company’s creative drive, it even has its own reality TV show – an excerpt of which shows the producer asking Tom if he could “stop talking in soundbites”. He’s nothing if not good at PR. Of the challenges ahead for TerraCycle, he says a main one is keeping the large companies engaged. “It’s about organisations maintaining their desire around these [TerraCycle recycling] programmes, because everyone wants the next new thing,” says Tom. As for the individual consumers that send in stuff to recycle, he points out that they get nothing tangible in return for their service.
“You’re buying a good feeling – so that’s a harder product service to sell. There’s a lack of physical payback. It’s not like buying a coffee or knapsack. We’re selling something esoteric.”
Esoteric it may be, but investors are interested – Tom is in talks to sell a 20% stake with an unnamed British company for around $20m.
Bye Bye Plastic Bag (BBPB) the kid-run organization with the big mission of banning plastic bags in Bali organized a coalition of more than 100 organizations (including Keep Bali Beautiful) and individuals to assist their effort at a meeting last week.
The BBPB Coalition will be focused on educating schools, businesses and villages throughout the island about the problems that plastic bags and other pollution causes for the people of Bali, and what they can do to solve it.
They will be organizing marches, awarding businesses that take the pledge to be plastic-free, delivering their message to the news media and continuing their campaign to obtain one million signatures to ban plastic bags.
If you would like to sign the petition to make Bali plastic bag free, click here. Or if you would like to volunteer to be part of the campaign to Keep Bali Beautiful click here.